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Personal Injury Law

Comparative Fault by State

Click on the name of the state to access relevant statutory authority.

 

State

Negligence System

Authority

Alabama

Pure Contributory Negligence

Williams v. Delta International Machinery Corp., 619 So.2d 1330 (Ala. 1993); Alabama Power Co. v. Schotz, 215 So.2d 447 (Ala. 1968); Ex parte Goldsen, 783 So. 2d 53 (Ala. 2000).

Alaska

Pure Comparative Negligence

Alaska Stat. §§ 09.17.060 & 09.17.080.

Arizona

Pure Comparative Negligence

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 12-2505.

Arkansas

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Ark. Code Ann. § 16-55-216.

California

Pure Comparative Negligence

Liv v. Yellow Cab, 119 Cal. Rptr. 858 (1975).

Colorado

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 13-21-111.

Connecticut

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ch. 925 § 52-572(h).

Delaware

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

1 Del. C. § 8132.

District of Columbia

Pure Contributory Negligence

Wingfield v. People's Drug Store, 379 A.2d 685 (D.C. 1994).

Florida

Pure Comparative Negligence

Fla. Stat. § 768.81(2).

Georgia

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Ga. Code Ann. § 51-11-7.

Hawaii

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 663-31.

Idaho

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Idaho Code § 6-801.

Illinois

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Ill. Comp. Stat. § 735 ILCS 5/2-1116 (from Ch. 110).

Indiana

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Ind. Code §§ 34-51-2-5 and 34-51-2-6.

Iowa

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Iowa Code § 668.3(1)(b).

Kansas

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 60-258a(a).

Kentucky

Pure Comparative Negligence

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 411.182.

Louisiana

Pure Comparative Negligence

La. Civ. Code Ann. Art. 2323.

Maine

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

14 Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 156.

Maryland

Pure Contributory Negligence

Board of County Comm'r of Garrett County v Bell Atlantic, 695 A.2d 171 (Md. 1997).

Massachusetts

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Mass. Gen. Laws Ch. 231, § 85.

Michigan

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Mich. Comp. Laws § 600.2959.

Minnesota

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Minn. Stat. § 604.01, subd. 1.

Mississippi

Pure Comparative Negligence

Miss. Code Ann. § 11-7-15.

Missouri

Pure Comparative Negligence

Gustafson v. Benda, 661 S.W.2d 11 (Mo. 1983).

Montana

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Mont. Code Ann. § 27-1-702.

Nebraska

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 25-21, 185.11.

Nevada

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 41-141.

New Hampshire

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 507:7-d.

New Jersey

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

N.J.S.A. 2A:15-5.1.

New Mexico

Pure Comparative Negligence

Scott v. Rizzo, 634 P.2d 1234 (1981).

New York

Pure Comparative Negligence

N.Y.C.P.L.R. 1411.

North Carolina

Pure Contributory Negligence

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 99B-4(3).

North Dakota

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

N.D. Cent. Code § 32-03.2-02.

Ohio

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Ohio Rev. Code § 2315.33.

Oklahoma

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

23 Okla. Stat. Ann. § 13.

Oregon

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Or. Rev. Stat. § 31.600.

Pennsylvania

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 7102.

Rhode Island

Pure Comparative Negligence

R.I. Gen. Laws § 9-20-4.

South Carolina

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Nelson v. Concrete Supply, 399 S.E.2d 783 (1991).

South Dakota

Pure Comparative Negligence

S.D. Codified Laws § 20-9-2 (if plaintiff had some contributory negligence, recover is not barred as long as plaintiff’s contributory negligence was “slight” when compared with the defendant’s negligence.  In such a case, damages will be reduced in relation to plaintiff’s contributory negligence).

Tennessee

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

McIntyre v. Balentine, 833 S.W.2d 52 (Tenn. 1992).

Texas

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Tex. Civ. Prac. Rem. Code §§ 33.001.

Utah

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Utah Code Ann. § 78-27-38.

Vermont

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

12 Vt. Stat. Ann. § 1036.

Virginia

Pure Contributory Negligence

Baskett v. Banks, 45 S.E.2d 173 (Va. 1947).

Washington

Pure Comparative Negligence

Wash. Rev. Code §§ 4.22.005-015.

West Virginia

Modified Comparative Negligence – 50% Rule

Bradley v. Appalachian Power Co., 256 S.E.2d 879 (W.Va. 1979).

Wisconsin

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Wis. Stat. § 895.045(1).

Wyoming

Modified Comparative Negligence – 51% Rule

Wyo. Stat. § 1-1-109(b).

 

 
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